Expand linux centos7 partition

from here very easy

Steps

1. Shut down the VM from Hypervisor

 

2. Expand the disk capacity from settings with your desired value. Here we choose to expand the VHD with additional 60 GB space.

3. Start the VM from the hypervisor.

4. Login to virtual machine console as root.

5. Execute below command to check the disk space.

fdisk -l

6. Now execute this below command to initialize the expanded space and mount it.

fdisk /dev/sda

WARNING: DOS-compatible mode is deprecated. It's strongly recommended to
switch off the mode (command 'c') and change display units to
sectors (command 'u').

7. After this enter ‘n’ in the next line for creating new partition.

Command action
e extended
p primary partition (1-4)
p

8. Then assign the partition number you wish based on your existing partition numbering.

Partition number (1-4): 3

Partition number (1-4): 3
Hex code (type L to list codes): 8e
Changed system type of partition 3 to 8e (Linux LVM)

9. In the next line choose code ‘8e’ for select the LINUX OS

Hex code (type L to list codes): 8e

Hex code (type L to list codes): 8e
Changed system type of partition 3 to 8e (Linux LVM)

10. Next enter ‘w’ to proceed further.

Command (m for help): w

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!
 
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
 
WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.

11. Reboot the system.

12. Now we need to create physical & logical volumes execute below command to create physical volume.

pvcreate /dev/sda3

13. Execute below command to get the name of current Volume Group

vgdisplay

14. Execute below command to extend the Volume Group with /dev/sda3

vgextend VolGroup /dev/sda3

15. Execute below command to get Logical Volume path.

lvdisplay

16. Execute below command to extend the Logical Volume with /dev/sda3

lvextend /dev/VolGroup/lv_root /dev/sda3

17. Execute below command to update the Logical Volume

xfs_growfs /dev/VolGroup/lv_root

18. Check for the new disk space.

>df -h

19. Your Disk space is now successfully increased with 60 GB.

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